Table 1. General specifications for cassava flour, starch, chips, and pellets.

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Component Flour Starch Chips Pellets

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Moisture (max.) 12-14% 12-14% 12-14% 12-14%

Starch (min.) 70 % 80% 70 % 68-70%

Sand (max.) 2% 2% 3% 3%

Fibre (max.) 3% 1% 3-5% 3-5%

Ash (max.) 3% 1% 3% 3%

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Source: Buitrago et al.(2002).

 

 

Table 2. Specifications of cassava chips for export to European Community

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Parameter Chips

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Moisture (max.) 10-14%

Starch (min.) 70-82%

Total ash (max.) 1.8-3.0%

Crude Fibre (max) 2.1-5.0%

Sand and other extraneous matter (max.) 3%

Cyanide (max.) 100 mg /kg

Dimensions (max. in cm) Length 4-5cm, thickness 1.5cm

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Table 3. Nutritional composition of a cassava flour (82%) and soybean (18%) mixture.

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Nutrients Cassava flour (82%)+ Commercial maize

(Whole soybean 12%)

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Protein 9 8.5

Fat 3.5 3.6

Fiber 3.9 2.8

Ash 3.6 2.1

Calcium 0.29 0.04

Average phosphorus 0.09 0.08

Lysine 0.46 0.26

Methionine 0.12 0.18

Methionine+cystine 0.24 0.35

Threonine 0.28 0.29

Tryptophan 0.1 0.07

Arginine 0.51 0.40

Linolenic acid 1.7 2.1

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Source: Buitrago et al.( 2002).

 

 

Table 4. An example of a complete ration for broilers based on cassava products and soybean.

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Ingredients % Starter Finisher

Roots Roots & foliage Roots Roots & foliage

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Cassava roots flour 45.7 40.4 49.8 46.0

Cassava foliage flour - 6.0 - 6.0

Soybean (toasted) 3.0 30.0 41.6 45.1

Soybean meal 18.7 16.4 5.2 -

Palm oil 2.9 4.5 - 0.3

DI-methionine 0.29 0.29 0.23 0.23

Dicalcium phosphate 1.52 1.52 1.52 1.5

Calcium carbonate 0.38 0.38 0.38 0.32

Salt 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3

Vitamins/minerals 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1

Anticoccidal and additives

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Source: Buitrago et al. 2002.

 

Table 5. Nutritional composition of diets for broilers based on cassava and soybean.

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Ingredients Starter Finisher

Roots Roots and foliage Roots Roots and foliage

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Metabolizable energy, mcal/kg 3.22 3.22 3.18 3.18

Protein, % 22.00 22.00 20.00 20.00

Methionine, % 0.59 0.59 0.49 0.49

Methionine +cystine 0.90 0.90 0.78 0.78

Lysine, % 1.26 1.26 1.12 1.12

Linolenic acid, % 3.41 3.56 3.60 3.85

Calcium, % 0.91 0.91 0.96 0.90

Average phosphorus, % 0.42 0.42 0.40 0.40

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Source: Buitrago et al. 2002.

 

 


 

Table 6. Cassava feed supplement for sheep fattening and catfish.

 

Ingredients

Cassava feed for sheep fattening

Cassava-based feeds for fish (catfish) pellets

 

Cassava peels

15

 

Cassava flour

 

12

Cassava leaves

5

3

Corn offal

20

 

Palm oil

 

2

Soybean meal

 

20

Fish meal (65%)

 

20

Palm kernel cake

30

 

Groundnut cake

3

14.5

Poultry droppings

25

 

Bone meal

1

1

Blood meal

 

25

Oyster shell

 

1

Vitamin C

 

1

Bicalcium phosphate

 

0.4

Salt

1

0.5

Premix

0.25

0.5

Methionine

0.10

 

 

 

 

Source: Tewe (2003).